Trump administration drops refugee cap to historic low

by Rhina Guidos

Catholic News Service

10/2/2020

refugees in Congorefugees in Congo
Displaced people are seen in a file photo along a road near Goma, Congo. (CNS photo/Thomas Mukoya, Reuters)  


WASHINGTON (CNS) — The steep slope, appearing almost as a vertical line, is a stunning mark by the Trump administration on what was once a refugee program recognized around the world as a model to welcome the tyrannized and persecuted masses.

Late Sept. 30, the administration announced it would bring the refugee cap — the maximum number of displaced people the country decides to resettle in a federal fiscal year — to a historic low: 15,000.

The average during presidencies of both Republicans and Democrats had been around 95,000. But the announcement on the new cap doesn't mean the bad news for refugees, or organizations that help them, ended there.

"It's not official, the president still has to sign it," so no refugees can enter the country until that happens, said Ashley Feasley, director of policy for Migration and Refugee Services at the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. "I have no idea when he'll sign it."

Feasley said there's a "pause" until Oct. 26, which means nothing will happen until then.

In a joint statement released Oct. 2, Archbishop José H. Gomez of Los Angeles, president of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, and Auxiliary Bishop Mario E. Dorsonville of Washington said they "continue to be disappointed by the Trump administration's diminishment of the U.S. refugee resettlement program."

"These decisions have a tangible impact on those fleeing religious persecution and other vulnerable families in need of refuge," they said. "While refugees will thankfully be allowed to seek refuge here in the United States in 2021, the low number of admissions, given the global need and the capacity and wealth of the United States, is heartbreaking."

They called on Congress to "seriously examine the administration's proposal and strongly encourage the president to increase the eventual presidential determination significantly."

"Welcoming refugees is an act of love and hope. By helping to resettle the most vulnerable, we are living out our Christian faith as Jesus has challenged us to do," Archbishop Gomez and Bishop Dorsonville added, pointing to Pope Francis' words to Congress during his U.S. visit 5 years ago: "Let us remember the Golden Rule: 'Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.' ... The yardstick we use for others will be the yardstick which time will use for us.'"

"In the same spirit," the USCCB leaders said, "we urge the administration to continue to offer welcome to refugees to our country. We can and must lead by example in the defense of all human life, including those fleeing persecution."

The low refugee number was a gut-punch to those who already were bracing for bad news, but now they worry the administration's stalling action could put even more lives in danger as people who need refuge will be left out.

"The number is terrible," said Feasley, in an Oct. 1 interview with Catholic News Service. "It's a continued cutting of refugees allowed to come to the U.S. in a moment of global need. We're seeing increase refugee flows from a number of places including places that the administration is very much taking an active policy role in, like Venezuela."

Though a media note released around midnight late Sept. 30 mentions Venezuela, and "our support for the legitimate government of Venezuela in the face of the illegitimate Maduro regime's tyranny," it says nothing about how the U.S. will help the 4 million who have been displaced from the South American country, which finds itself in conflict.

"There's a mention but no action to help," Feasley said.

The announcement is a continuation a downward trend, one starkly visible in a graph by the Migration Policy Institute that shows the ebbs and flows of the 40-year-old program, with a steep drop starting in fiscal 2017, when President Donald Trump took office.

The cut was a further blow to agencies, such as Catholic Charities, who along with secular and other faith organizations, including the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society and Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service, have for decades helped populations under siege resettle in the U.S.

"This is just a further death by a thousand paper cuts in terms of the capacity of a great network," Feasley said. "Not just Catholic but interfaith and secular groups in partnership with the federal government that was recognized as model around the world."

Feasley also said it cuts programs that had allowed the church to practice its long tradition of helping the stranger.

"It means a lot for Catholics as our faith tradition has a long history, a noted history, of being forced to be on the move, being refugees but also of a people who are welcoming, of accompanying others who are forced to leave," she said.

"From Jesus onward, we see stories of this in the Bible," she continued. "Additionally, Pope Francis has mentioned this as one of his issues of great focus and understanding ... recognizing those who have been forced out of their homes, fleeing persecution or circumstances beyond their control."

The announcement came after the Catholic Church celebrated Sept. 27 as the 2020 World Day of Migrants and Refugees.

refugees on road in Congo

WASHINGTON (CNS) — The steep slope, appearing almost as a vertical line, is a stunning mark by the Trump administration on what was once a refugee program recognized around the world as a model to welcome the tyrannized and persecuted masses.

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